Back issues

For just $10 each, our back issues represent incredible value for money. Each issue contains reviews of 45 – 50 studies hand-picked from the wide range of sports science that is published every month.

Please note that e-Reader formats are only provided from September 2012 onwards. Before September 2012, sadly, the back issues are only available in PDF format.

November 2014 (the Gluteus Medius Edition) – coming soon!

October 2014 (the Hamstring Injury Edition) – in this month’s review, we covered a record number of topical studies relating to hamstring strain injury. We reviewed studies that explored the muscle architecture associated with injured hamstrings, as well as the extent to which lack of eccentric knee flexion strength is a risk factor for hamstring injury.

September 2014 (the Rest Period Edition) – in this month’s review, we discussed three very important studies relating to the effect of rest period duration on muscular strength and size. One of the studies explored pre-exhaustion training and its effects on strength. Another provided a full review of the literature relating to the effects of rest period duration on hypertrophy. A final study found that single- and multi-joint exercises may need different length rest periods.

August 2014 (the Push Up Edition) – in this edition, we covered several studies that explored aspects of the push-up using electromyography (EMG). These studies help us understand how we can best program the push-up exercise and its variations to maximize the development of the different prime movers (the pectoralis major, triceps brachii and anterior deltoid) and their individual parts (e.g. the clavicular and sternocostal portions of the pectoralis major).

July 2014 (the Soccer Edition) – it being the World Cup this month, we reviewed several important recent papers relating to soccer. In particular, a number of studies in this edition showed that short-distance sprint running performance is a key differentiator of soccer performance, and discussed the best ways to train this quality.

June 2014 (the Stretching Edition) – in this edition, we reviewed several important recent studies that have explored the effects and nature of different types of stretching, including standard static stretching, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching, and ballistic stretching.

May 2014 (the Blood Flow Restriction and Hypoxia Edition) – Blood Flow Restriction (BFR) training and Hypoxia training are great examples of where research has identified something that originally seemed quite unusual but which has turned out to be hugely beneficial for both the general population and for athletes. This edition contains several reviews and studies that reported on various aspects of either BFR training, hypoxia training, or both.

April 2014 (the Rugby Edition) – in this edition, we covered a wide range of great studies that used rugby players (both league and union) as subjects. The topics included the effect of pre-game testosterone levels on game outcomes, the differences in lower body strength between backs and forwards and between league and union players, and the effects of direct neck strength training.

March 2014 (the Muscle Fiber Types edition) – in this edition, we reviewed several new studies and reviews that explored various aspects of muscle fiber types. These studies have important implications for training for maximum muscular hypertrophy, as well as for training elderly populations.

February 2014 (the Supplements edition) – in this edition, we covered a number of studies into supplements for various purposes. One review investigated the relevance of specific vitamin supplementation in masters athletes. Another review covered the use of nitrite supplementation for healthy arterial aging. And in a landmark study, a group of researchers have reopened the discussions into prohormones, by reviewing the effects of 3b-hydroxy-5a-androst-1-en-17-one on body composition, muscular strength, cardiovascular health and liver function.

January 2014 (the Glute edition) – in this edition, we covered the latest and greatest research into the glutes. Most of the studies reviewed explored the effects of various factors on EMG activity in the gluteus maximus. For example, one study investigated how gluteus maximus EMG activity changes during walking, running and sprinting. Another study investigated the effects of knee angle on gluteus maximus EMG activity as well as hamstrings activity.

December 2013 (the Heart Rate Variability  edition) – in this edition, we looked at several very recent studies that have been performed to test the usefulness of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) as a coaching tool for athletes. HRV is a method for assessing autonomic nervous system activity, as well as for assessing the build-up of fatigue, functional and non-functional overreaching conditions and overtraining syndrome. In this edition, the studies addressed whether HRV can predict functional overreaching in athletes, whether it can predict performance during competition in athletes, and whether the way in which athletes breathe affects HRV measurements.

November 2013 (the Sleep edition) – in this edition, we looked at three important studies about sleep, which is becoming more and more recognized as an important factor for health and one that has been sadly neglected in recent years. These studies provide guidance so that personal trainers and strength coaches can achieve better sleep for their clients and athletes.

October 2013 (the Recovery edition) – in this edition we looked at two very important new studies that explore ways in which recovery from hard exercise can be improved. This is a key concern for coaches who are looking to help their athletes perform at the highest levels on repeated occasions over the course of either a single day or over several days in close succession.

September 2013 (the Bench Press edition) – in this edition we looked at a number of different studies relating to bench press performance. The studies included an investigation into which muscles are most important for breaking through the sticking point and another study that explored how to train some of those muscles optimally.

August 2013 (the Adipose Tissue edition) – in this edition, we covered a number of studies that addressed the effects of exercise on adipose tissue. Although many of these studies were very complex, their implications are important for strength and conditioning professionals.

July 2013 (the Foot edition) – this edition contained a number of great studies relating to the foot and the biomechanics of walking and barefoot running. These studies have advanced our understanding of the foot and the way in which we run considerably.

June 2013 (the range of motion edition) – in this volume, we reviewed a number of studies that explored differences in adaptations between exercises performed using different ranges of motion. We also explored whether increases in range of motion following flexibility interventions led to improvements in performance.

May 2013 (the manual therapy edition) – in this edition, we reported on studies covering massage therapy, passive myofascial release therapy and self-myofascial release therapy using foam rollers. The existence of this research is clearly a good sign that there is increasingly better communication between strength and conditioning coaches and researchers.

April 2013 (the hormones edition) – this was an amazing month full of incredible information about human physiology and its applications to health, fitness and performance.

March 2013 (the warm-ups edition) -this edition follows directly on from the February edition with another great batch of study reviews about how to use warm-ups, post-activation potentiation (PAP) effects and other modalities for improving performance during sports or during resistance training workouts.

February 2013 (warm-ups and the hip joint edition) – this edition had some great material for both strength coaches and for those working on the injury and rehabilitation side. For the strength coaches, it was all about warm-ups and how they affect performance. For the physiotherapists and sports medicine physicians, it was all about the hip joint.

January 2013 (the stretching and horizontal forces edition) – there were two big highlights in this issue that are well worth investigating and thinking about. The first highlight is that stretching is being revived as a useful method for improving flexibility. The second is the importance of horizontally-orientated force for distance running, as well as sprinting, performance.

December 2012 (the power edition) – this edition covered a great many studies reporting on how to increase power for sports, including discussions about the optimal periodization for power development, the optimal training volumes for strength, hypertrophy and power, how to develop power for sprinting, and why the optimal load for power development may not be the load at which overall system power is optimized.

November 2012 (the fat-loss edition) – don’t miss this one if you want to learn more about the science of fat-loss. At the elite end, there was a survey study involving an extensive questionnaire of competitive bodybuilders. However, there were also studies dealing with fat-loss in respect of elderly, untrained and overweight subjects, which will be useful for the personal trainers.

October 2012 (the eccentric training edition) – there were a number of different studies on eccentric training in this issue. Eccentric training causes greater muscle damage than other types of training and also causes an increased in the normalized fiber length of the individual fibers, which is helpful for changing the optimal length at which a muscle produces force, which has applications in both sports performance and rehabilitation.

September 2012 (the review edition) – this edition contains reviews of concurrent training, of training principles for fascial connective tissues, of the current practices among international standard weightlifters, of weight loss supplements and of the health impact of sugary drinks.

August 2012 (the spine edition) – this issue covers spinal movement and injury. One of the first studies in the review looks at the axial range-of-motion that normal, healthy subjects display in the thoracic spine. Another reported that the nucleus is actually integrated with the inner annulus through a complicated network of fibers. Two other studies looked at the controversial issue of imaging.

July 2012 (the hamstrings edition) – this edition covers all aspects of the hamstrings, including evidence for including eccentric hamstring exercises in injury prevention routines for athletes who engage in regular sprinting, as well as studies that show how different exercises lead to different hypertrophy signals in different parts of the hamstring muscles.

June 2012 (the challenging beliefs edition) this edition covered some challenging ideas from various parts of the strength and conditioning industry, including the controversy regarding whether higher repetitions can be used for hypertrophy and a reassessment of the prevailing view of fatigue during endurance exercise by Dr Tim Noakes.

May 2012 (the muscular function edition) – in this issue, we covered some fascinating research about muscles, including a study that used cutting-edge techniques to find that muscles do not grow uniformly along the fibers but rather grow where they are most heavily activated. This shows that bodybuilders who had always claimed to be able to change the shape of a muscle were right all along!

April 2012 (the practical hypertrophy edition) – this edition was a great one for bodybuilders, physique athletes and body recomposition specialists, with a theme of practical hypertrophy centered around a great review article by Brad Schoenfeld on how hypertrophy happens.

March 2012 (the practical strength training edition) – our first ever edition covered many studies that dealt with the practical implications of how to use strength training for improving performance, including a landmark study that showed how a larger number of sets of squats can lead to greater improvements in strength than a more moderate number of sets.